The cultural history of Agusan del Sur is comparable with its sister province Agusan del Norte because they used to be a single province under one local civil government. Agusan del Sur has ample of archeological evidences exhumed. The province’s pre-hispanic cultural history can be traced to the great influenced of the Majapahit Empire in India through the discovery of a four (4) pounds pure gold statue stands eight (8) inches tall image of a woman and a Molten Jar unearthed at Bahbah, Prosperidad in the early 1960’s. The icon, called the Golden Tara, was recovered after a flood in 1917 on a silty riverbank of Wawa River near Esperanza.

The Golden Tara is the earliest known image of Indian origin, corroborating early Hindu-Philippine relations. It is a Buddhist image of the Sailendra Period of the Sri-Vijaya history (900-950 AD). The 21-karat gold figurine is presently kept at the Gem Room of the Chicago Field Museum of Natural History, USA.

The original inhabitants of Agusan province were the forefathers of the Present-Day Mamanwas who were driven away to the remote areas because of the intrusion of Malay immigrants coming from nearby Borneo, Celebes and Malaysia.

Through the years, the province has become a melting pot of peace-loving people from various regions in the country, all enticed into this “Land of Golden Opportunities”.

The people in the province are dominantly speaking a Cebuano dialect, with Roman Catholicism as the major religion.

Festivals, showcasing the rich tribal heritage are held every year in each municipality of the province.

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